Bleeding gums should not be taken lightly. It could be a sign of periodontal disease that requires immediate treatment. Left untreated, the inflammation can progress from the gum line to the jawbone, causing the surrounding teeth to become loose, often requiring extraction.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
So, how do you know you may have periodontal disease?
Inflamed and red gums that tend to bleed while brushing and/or flossing
Receding gum line
Persistent bad breath
Constant bad taste in the mouth
Pain and discomfort while chewing
Change in bite
Cause of Periodontal Disease
There are three stages of periodontal or gum disease: gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. Each stage adversely affects the bone structure around the teeth, which ultimately causes the teeth to loosen. All three stages have the same cause: bacteria.
Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria present in plaque. When you don’t maintain optimal oral hygiene, plaque builds up in your mouth and allows bacteria to proliferate. This, in turn, leads to the bacteria attacking your gums and bone structure.
The only way to prevent periodontal disease is by maintaining proper oral hygiene. Make sure you brush and floss your teeth twice a day. Learn how to floss correctly, as it removes plaque that builds up below the gum line. Also, make it a point to schedule regular visits to your dentist. You should be looking to have a dental checkup every 6 months. Professional teeth cleaning will remove any plaque buildup that your toothbrush and floss can’t reach.